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Post O2 case study...
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ghahai ghato Offline

Posts: 163
Joined: Apr 2008
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Post: #1
Post O2 case study...
Guys... take a look at this and comment please...

mmm... here's more from a F150 forum

The Federal Test Procedure Catalyst Monitor monitors the catalyst system for deterioration and illuminates the MIL when tailpipe emissions exceed the appropriate HC emission thresholds. It is called the FTP catalyst monitor because it must complete during a standard emission test (the Federal Test Procedure). This monitor relies on the front and rear heated oxygen sensors (HO2S) to infer catalyst efficiency based upon oxygen storage capacity. Under normal closed loop fuel conditions, high efficiency catalysts have oxygen storage which makes the switching frequency of the rear HO2S quite slow compared with the frequency of the front HO2S. As catalyst efficiency deteriorates, its ability to store oxygen declines, and the rear HO2S begins to switch more rapidly, approaching the frequency of the front sensor. In general, as catalyst efficiency decreases, the switch ratio increases from a switch ratio of 0 for a low mileage catalyst to a switch ratio of 0.8 or 0.9 for a low-efficiency catalyst.

Many Low Emission California vehicles will monitor substantially less than the entire catalyst volume in order to meet the stringent catalyst monitoring malfunction thresholds. In many cases, only the front, light-off catalyst is monitored.

1. Front and rear HO2S switches are counted under specified closed loop fuel conditions. After the required number of front switches are obtained, a rear-to-front HO2S switch ratio is calculated. The switch ratio is compared against a threshold value. If the switch ratio is greater than the emission threshold, the catalyst has failed. Inputs from the ECT or CHT (warmed up engine), IAT (not at extreme ambient temperatures), MAF (greater than minimum engine load), VSS (within vehicle speed window) and TP(at part throttle) are required to enable the Catalyst Efficiency Monitor.

2. The DTCs associated with this test are DTC P0420 (Bank 1) and P0430 (Bank 2). Because an Exponentially Weighted Moving Average is used for malfunction determination, up to six driving cycles may be required to illuminate the MIL.
(This post was last modified: 12-07-2008 06:56 PM by ghahai ghato.)
12-07-2008 06:40 PM
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